Raytheon – murders and maims civilians
I. Raytheon and Cluster Bombs
- Raytheon produces the AGM154 Joint Standoff weapon (JSOW), an air-delivered bomb with some cluster munition variants. For example the AGM154A, the standard version, contains 145 BLU-97/B sub munitions. Also the Tomahawk cruise missile has amongst its variants a submunition warhead. (Netwerk 2007, Explosive Investments)
II. Cluster Munitions Coalition
- Forty-six countries (as of March 2007) have signed a joint declaration committing themselves to sign a treaty banning the production, use and stockpiling of cluster munitions by 2008. The UK is now a signatory of the declaration. This campaign is being organized by the Cluster Munitions Coalition. In the UK, members of the Coalition include: Amnesty International, CAAT, Handicap International and Landmine Action.
- Thomas Nash, the coordinator of the Cluster Munitions Coalition, has called for the further step of banning investments in companies that produce cluster munitions. This proposal was on the table for discussion at the Coalition’s meeting in Lima, Peru in May 2007.
- In 2005, a European Parliament resolution was introduced to ban investments in companies that produce cluster munitions.
- Also in 2005, the Advisory Council on Ethics for the Norwegian Government Petroleum Fund excluded Raytheon from the Fund, along with other manufacturers of cluster munitions.
- In 2007, Belgium passed a law banning all investments in companies that produce cluster munitions.
- More information on cluster munitions and the campaign against them can be found at: www.stopclustermunitions.org, www.handicap-international.org.uk, www.landmineaction.org
- Children Killed and Maimed in Cluster Bomb Attack on Town
III. Raytheon in Wales
- Raytheon already has a presence in Wales, with a production facility at Hawarden Airport in Broughton. The facility there works on systems integration, namely the ASTOR (Airborne Stand-Off Radar) Programme, and the modification, integration and test flying of Sentinel R Mk 1 aircraft.
- Raytheon is a central member of the Metrix Consortium, that was awarded the St Athan Defence Training Academy contract in January 2007. According to Metrix CEO, Raytheon is “at the core of the training system redesign” the Consortium proposed to the UK Ministry of Defence.
IV. Raytheon Profile
- Raytheon is the third largest military company in the world, and one of the largest missile manufacturers, producing the Stinger, Tomahawk, Sidewinder, Maverick, Patriot and Javelin missiles.
- Raytheon’s bunker-buster bomb (GBU-28) is a depleted uranium weapon. Its Tomahawk cruise missile can carry a nuclear warhead.
- Raytheon is a major arms exporter, selling its weapons to countries such as Israel, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Turkey, Indonesia, Malaysia, Oman, Singapore, Taiwan and South Korea.
- A Raytheon bomb hit Qana, Lebanon in 2006, killing at least 28 civilians, including 16 children; a Raytheon bomb hit the Shu’ale market in Baghdad in 2003, killing at least 62 civilians. See the Raytheon 9’s response.
- Raytheon is a major promoter of the US missile defence shield and the US project to militarise outer space.
- Raytheon is the developer of the Silent Guardian heat ray, a weapon that has been criticized by Amnesty International and the UN Special Rapporteur on Torture for its “potential to be used for torture and ill treatment.” Civil rights groups have expressed alarm over the implications of the Silent Guardian for democracy, freedom of speech and collective protest.
- According to the US Project on Government Oversight, between 1990-2002, Raytheon had 24 instances of misconduct or alleged misconduct, resulting in $128.7 million in fines, penalties, restitutions and settlements. This misconduct included false work claims, overpricing, cost inflation and corporate espionage.
- More information on Raytheon can be found at: www.raytheon.com, www.corporatewatch.org.uk, www.corpwatch.org, www.caat.org.uk, www.worldpolicy.org/projects/arms
- See Raytheon cluster bomb demonstration in Derry photos.